2017年12月4日 星期一

當機器人有了基本智慧與學習能力,早晚會有自由意識,就有了生命的靈魂的基本條件 ( If Robot has the fee will , Robot will have the soul )

我當然相信,如果機器人有自由意志,這個自由意志一定是奠基於機器人腦的某些機制(換句話說:自由意志有機器腦神經基礎和人工智慧基礎,而不是源自於神蹟或魔法)。然而,在知道日常生活中使用的「自由意志」到底是指什麼之前,我們沒辦法知道自由意志到底預設什麼樣的能力或性質。如果我們不知道自由意志預設什麼樣的能力或性質,我們就沒辦法知道自由意志到底預設什麼樣的腦神經基礎。而如果我們不知道自由意志預設什麼樣的腦神經基礎,就算我們完全了解人腦,也無法依據這樣的理解推論人有沒有自由意志。

既然我們無法了解人腦自由意志,那又如何讓機器人有自由意志呢?

機器人的自由意志 = 機器人的 codes 形成機器人存活、機器人自已獨立判斷、機器人可以按自己的意志行事,當機器人最基礎 rule 是一群code 形成機器人存活、機器人自已獨立判斷做出有利於人類、地球、機器人生存,這只要機器人有了基本人工智慧的智力及學習能力 + 一群code 形成機器人存活、機器人自已獨立判斷,機器人早晚形成機器人的自由意志也就是機器人的靈魂。

依目前人工智慧的智力發展: 語言了解、視覺辨認、音樂感受、移動定位、手腳動作、數據分析、自動建立資料庫、自我學習,結合起來加上一群code 形成機器人存活、機器人自已獨立判斷,機器人將在15 ~ 30年形成機器人的自由意志也就是機器人的靈魂,而且這是必然發生無可避免。




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